One commits the fallacy of equivocation when one is guilty of using a word/term in misleading ways, namely because the term has/can have multiple meanings. Now let’s look at some examples.
1. God is Light
2. Light exists
3. Therefore, God exists
The problem with this argument is that the term “light” is being used in two different ways in the argument. In the first premise the term is being used in a metaphorical sense, but in the second premise the term is being used in a literal way . In other words, the argument is fallacious because it has committed the fallacy of equivocation.