Would God create non-human animals? I am not merely wondering why God would create animals. What I am wondering is that, if God exists, would God* really create animals?
At the very least, assuming that God would create animals, would they look like animals in the actual world?
So, we can easily imagine how non-human animals could be much more impressive than they actually are. For instance, God could have made animals to be much more like humans.
Setting aside the problem of whether humans are (relatively) impressive, the fact that animals don’t even have some of the capabilities that humans have is quite surprising on the hypothesis of classical theism. If animals had the capacity to reason just like humans, it’s quite obvious how this would be extrinsically beneficial (and intrinsically good on theism). God could have also made it the case that animals would communicate at the level of human communication.
In addition, if God exists, God could have made many more types of animals. Moreover, there could have been a lack of animals that are displeasing to the eye like the angler fish. I think you get the point, which is that when we are talking about an all-powerful God, the options are limitless.
Whereas, none of this data is surprising on the hypothesis of indifference. The hypothesis of indifference, according to Paul Draper, is the following:
(HI) neither the nature nor the condition of sentient beings on earth is the result of benevolent or malevolent actions performed by divine persons.
1. It is a known fact that animals exist
2. The existence of animals (and what we know about them) is much more likely on the hypothesis of indifference than on the hypothesis of classical theism
3. The hypothesis of indifference is equal to the intrinsic probability of the hypothesis of classical theism
4. Therefore, other evidence held equal, it is probable that classical theism is false
Premise 3, if anything, is incredibly generous. That’s because classical theism is just one variation of theism, and theism is just one form of supernaturalism.
By “God” I am referring to classical theism. Classical theism is the view that God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. In addition, God, on classical theism, is timeless, spaceless, immaterial, uncaused, eternal, and not composed of parts.