What exactly do I mean by biblical confusion? Basically, I mean that Christians have varying interpretations (i.e. disagreement) about what the Bible says. Moreover, there are some/many passages in the Bible that are ambiguous and vague.
The fact that there is so much confusion around the Bible is surprising if Christianity is true; however, this is not surprising on the hypothesis of indifference. Now, if an all-good and all-powerful Being exists, then would that Being even create a book? Let’s grant for the sake of argument that this would happen, even though it’s not plain.
The problem here, then, is not so much that God hasn’t made his instructions clear to humanity per se, which is another problem; rather, the problem is that God hasn’t specifically made his instructions clear in the Bible. And, again, we are granting for the sake of argument that God might plausibly write a book if God existed (1).
Since God is all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good, then wouldn’t God want to make her message in the Bible to be clear and not vague/ambiguous? At least at face value, yes. What’s more, we would expect any loving person to not desire or plan for others to be confused about such subjects, specifically subjects that are (quite literally) life and death. Given the power and knowledge of God, we see how God (if God exists) could have easily made the bible to be much clearer. And given the goodness of God, we would expect God to want to make this the case. That’s because an all-good Being would desire for everyone to know what is true. The upshot is that an all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good Being would not tolerate confusion, especially confusion around religious questions. A foritori, the Christian God would not tolerate confusion either, since Christians claim Yahweh is God, and the New Testament says that God is not the author of confusion.
Classical/traditional theism is the position that there exists a Being who is all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good.
Christian theism is a form of classical theism. At bottom, Christian theism goes further and claims that God revealed himself in the Christian religion, such that, God raised Jesus of Nazareth from the dead.
Indifference is the hypothesis that neither the nature nor the condition of sentient beings on earth is the result of benevolent actions performed by divine persons.
1. It is a known fact that many Christians disagree on how to interpret various passages in the Bible.
2. (1) is much more probable on the hypothesis of indifference than on the hypothesis of Christian theism.
3. The intrinsic probability of indifference is greater than that of Christian theism.
4. Therefore, other evidence held equal, Christian theism is very probably false. (2)
“Christians agree on the essentials, however!”
But this doesn’t matter because the fact that there is any disagreement is surprising! In addition, it is far from apparent that most/all Christians supposedly agree on the essentials. Many Christians don’t even believe in the Trinity, and Protestants can’t even agree with Catholics about how salvation is supposed to work in Christianity!
“I mean come on: most of the confusion is around stuff that doesn’t even matter!”
Still, as we saw above, some of the disagreement does matter. And even if all this disagreement around the Bible was trivial, there is still something bizarre about this on the hypothesis that God exists. (3)
(1) The argument in the blog post is just one argument against Christianity. There are also other arguments. To be more precise, there are also other arguments against Christianity based around the Bible. For example, the fact that there are errors in the Bible (or that there even seem to be errors) has been used as an argument against Christian theism.
(2) Similar arguments can be made against Judaism and Islam.
(3) This post isn’t dedicated to arguing whether or not the Biblical God really is God. That is, this post does not argue that Yahweh isn’t all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good. Rather, I’m granting for the sake of argument that he is, and I’m going with the claim that Christians make.